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Contemporary AI applications often rely on deep learning, which implies heavy computational loads with current technology. However, there is a growing demand for low-power autonomously learning AI systems that are employed “in the field”. We will investigate in this project options for learning in low-power unconventional hardware that is based on spiking neural networks (SNNs) implemented in analog neuromorphic hardware combined with nano-scale memristive synaptic devices. Hence, the envisioned computational paradigm combines the three most promising avenues for minimizing energy consumption in hardware: (1) analog neuromorphic computation, (2) spike-based communication, and (3) memristive analog memory. Experts in each of these fields will collaborate on the development of a functional prototype system. We will in particular consider recurrent SNNs (RSNNs) as their internal recurrent dynamics render them more suitable for real-world AI applications that have temporal input and demand some form of short-term memory. We will adapt a recently developed training algorithm such that it can be used to optimize SNNs in neuromorphic hardware with memristive synapses. “In the field” applications often demand online adaptation of such systems, which often necessitates hardware-averse training procedure. To overcome this problem, we will investigate the applicability of “learning to learn” (L2L) to spiking memristive neuromorphic hardware. In an initial optimization, the hardware is trained to become a good learner for the target application. Here, arbitrarily complex learning algorithms can be used on a host system with the hardware “in the loop”. In the application itself, simpler algorithms – that can be easily implemented in neuromorphic hardware – provide adaptation of the hardware RSNNs. In summary, the goal of this project is to build versatile and adaptive low-power small size neuromorphic AI machinery based on SNNs with memristive synapses using L2L. We will deliver an experimental system in a real-world robotics environment to provide a proof of concept.

Call Topic: Analog Computing for Artificial Intelligence (ACAI), Call 2018
Start date: (36 months)
Funding support: 1 267 900,13 €

Project partners

  • Graz University of Technology - Austria
  • University of Seville - Spain
  • University of Southampton - United Kingdom
  • ETH Zurich - Switzerland
  • IBM Research Zurich - Switzerland

Publications in Open Access