The Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) is in charge of all education, from elementary to university and research at all levels. The Department in charge of research funds a wide spectrum of projects both with bottom-up calls as well as thematic calls in more applied thematics. Specific committees inside the Department are in charge of specific themes. The MIUR manages funds to support FET-like research in various thematics areas, including ICT. In particular the Fund for Investments on Basic Research (FIRB) supports research activities aimed at increasing scientific and technological knowledge in the areas of key enabling technologies that underpin the medium to long-term innovation of national strategic sectors. Basic research projects (including bilateral cooperation), strategic projects developing pervasive and multidisciplinary technologies, research infrastructures, setting up and networking of scientific centres are funded within FIRB.